ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Wednesday, August 21, 2019

Green Planner

Cities and metropolis are densely populated. Besides, movement of vehicles (automobiles) is also high being the most popular mode of transport. The most common problem is air, dust and noise pollution. Plants with their canopy minimize these pollutions by filtering dust and absorption of gaseous pollutants. Once the plants are established, they need little care and attention.
The “GREEN PLANNER” is to provide information to Town Planners, Policy makers and other stakeholders regarding the plants suitable for landscaping. In first instance, the “Green Planner” introduces the plants suitable for roadside, divider and in the greenbelts.
Roadside Plantation: Proper planning, right selection of tree species and their placement are the factors for successful avenue plantation. Planting Design keeping in mind colour scheme, height, foliage, flowering season helps to create strong effects. Planting in single rows, double rows and multiple rows is recommended depending upon the availability of space. Proper avenue plantation helps in minimizing dust load, gaseous pollutants besides reducing sound pollution of urban area.
Greenbelt Plantation: Greenbelt is the mass plantation of pollution tolerant trees (evergreen & deciduous) in an area for the purpose(industries) for minimizing air pollution by filtering, intercepting and absorbing pollutants in an effective manner for the improvement of environment.
Divider Plantation: As the dividers of the roads are subjected to automobile exhaust of high intensity, plant species selected for planting must be tolerant to dust and automobile fumes.
Climatic conditions have also to be taken into account while selecting plant. State wise data on Roadside, Green belt, and Divider plantation is as follows...

Andaman & Nicobar

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,967 mm

 Roadside

Albizia lebbeck, Pterocarpus indicus, Elaeocarpus reticulatus

 Humidity:

 79%

 Dividers

Fagraea racemosaClerodendrum        inerme, Rhododendron  cinnabarinum 

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 23°C/30°C

 Greenbelt

Pterocymbium  tinctorium,                    Tetrameles nudiflora, Gyrocarpus          americanus, Terminalia  catappa

 

Arunachal Pradesh

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

  Rain:

2,782 mm

Roadside

Castanopsis indica, Lepisanthes tetraphylla, Prunus cerasoides

 Humidity:

 83%

 Dividers

Vitex negundo, Rhododendron               caxianum, Rhododendron ciliatum       

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 15°C/36°C

 Greenbelt

Quercus leucotricophora, Aglaia spectabilis, Altingia excelsa, Bischofia javanica

Assam

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,818 mm

 Roadside

Lagerstroemia speciosa, Magnolia        hodgsonii, Duabanga grandiflora,         Salix tetrasperm

 Humidity:

 89%

 Dividers

Hibiscus rosa sinensis, Nyctanthes        arboritristisAlocasia macrorrhizos

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 6°C/38°C

 Greenbelt

Horsfieldia kingii, Drimycarpus             racemosus, Anthocephalus chinensis, Mesua ferrea

Bihar

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,186 mm

 Roadside

Dalbergia Latifolia, Dalbergia sissoo,
Moringa oleifera,

 Humidity:

 63%

 Dividers

Wrightia antidysenterica, Bahunia        acuminata, Rhododendron ponticum

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 6°C/45°C

 Greenbelt

Shorea robusta, Diospyros                     melanoxylon,   Terminalia elliptica

Chandigarh

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 617 mm

 Roadside

Aesculus indica, Alstonia scholaris,      Elaeocarpus ganitrus,                              Lagerstroemia  speciosa

 Humidity:

 78%

 Dividers

Plumeria Alba, Vitex negundo,               Murraya koenigii

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 7°C/46°C

 Greenbelt

Adina cordifolia, Kigelia pinnata,          Terminalia bellerica

Delhi

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 617 mm

 Roadside

Anogeissus pendula, Diospyros             melanoxylon, Flacourtia indica,            Salvadora persica, Anogeissus latifolia

 Humidity:

 72%

 Dividers

Melaleuca viminalis, Bauhinia           variegata

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 11°C/46°C

 Greenbelt

 Neolamarckia cadamba, Mimusops     elengi, Ficus virens, Ficus                     benghalensis

Gujarat

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,107 mm

 Roadside

Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia               ferruginea, Borassus flabellifer

 Humidity:

 67%

 Dividers

Biota orientalis, Bixa orellana, Cycas circinalis

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 10°C/42°C

 Greenbelt

Bridelia retusa, Bauhinia purpurea,     Cassia siamea, Couroupita guianensis

Goa

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 3,005 mm

 Roadside

Tectona grandis, Sterculia foetida,       Thespesia populnea

 Humidity:

 71%

 Dividers

Vitex negundo, Callistemon

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 19°C/34°C

 Greenbelt

Dalbergia latifolia, Cocos nucifera

Meghalaya

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,818 mm

 Roadside

Taxus baccata, Elaeaeocarpus floribundus

 Humidity:

 63%

 Dividers

Rhododendron arboreum, Eurya            japonica, Mahonia aquifolium

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 4°C/28°C

 Greenbelt

Pinus kesiya, Podocrapus eriinfolius,     Cyathea gigantea

Manipur

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,881 mm

 Roadside

Taxus baccata, Trachycarpus ukhrulensis, Prunsus cerasoides, Engelhardtia spicata, Caryota obtusa,

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Lithocarpus pachyphyllus, Brassaiopsis hainla, Luculia gratissima                     

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 2°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Magnolia campbellii, Cornus nuttalli

Mizoram

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,881 mm

 Roadside

Lagerstroemia speciosa,                         Elaeis guineensis, Podocarpusneriifolius, Schima wallichii choisy,Quercus acutissima

 Humidity:

 76%

 Dividers

Strobilanthus maculata, Ceropegia       lauwii

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 10°C/35°C

 Greenbelt

Fiscus elastica, Melia azaderach,          Albizia procera, Tectona grandis

Maharastra

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

Pterocarpus marsupium, Emblica         offinalis, Haldina cordifolia, Borassus flabellifer, Peltophorum pterocarpum

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Annona muricata, Santalum album,     Brassia actinophylla, Tecoma stans

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Tremorientalis, Lannea coromandelia, Ficus racemosa, Pterospermum             acerifolium

Madhya Pradesh

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

Gmelina arborea, Prosopis eineraria,   Scheichera oleosa

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Ipomea fistulosa, Lagerstroemia            indica, Senna auriculata                      

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Dendrocalamus strictus, Terminalia     tomemtosa, Dalbergia sissoo, Albizia procera

Nagaland

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

Melia azedarachMangoliachampaca, Alnus nepalensis

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Callistemon viminalis, Nyctanthes arbortristis, Bergera koenigii

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Acrocarpus flexinifolius, Ficus religiosa, Switenia mahagoni

Orissa

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

Eugenia jambolana, Shorea robusta,     Pterocar marsupium, Bauhinia vahlii

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Lagerstroemia indica, Nyctanthes         arbortristis            

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Terminalia tomentosa, Buchanania      lanzan, Bombax ceiba

Punjab

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

Eugenia jambolanaAlbizzia lebbek, Prosopis cineraria, Butea                       monosperma

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Hibiscus rosa, Nerium oleander,           Plumeria alba

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Dalbergia sissooShorea robusta,        Fiscus bengalensis

Pondicherry

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 998 mm

 Roadside

Borassus flabellifer, Phoenix                 sylvestris, Millingtonia hortensis,          Albizzia lebbeck, Polyalthia longifolia 

 Humidity:

 69%

 Dividers

Bouganvillea species, Lpomea carnea, Cassia  fistula, Hibiscus rosa,                Melaleuca          citrina                          

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 20°C/35°C

 Greenbelt

Berrya cordifolia, Ceiba pentandra      

Rajasthan

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 494 mm

 Roadside

Phoenix sylvestris, Tecomella                 undulata, Acacia nilotica

 Humidity:

 60%

 Dividers

Prospis cirianera, Nerium oleander

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 18°C/48°C

 Greenbelt

Zizypus nummularia, Dendrocalamus  strictusNeolamarkia cadamba   

Sikkim

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,739 mm

 Roadside

Abies webbiana, Acer laevigatum, Acer oblongum, Acrocarpus fraxinifolius

 Humidity:

 63%

 Dividers

Rhododendron tsutsuji, Camellia          japonica, Spathodea campanulata,        Hibiscusrosa sinensis

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 15°C/30°C

 Greenbelt

Alnus nepalensis, Alostonia scholaris,   Artocarpus lakooeha, Betula alnoidesi    

Tripura

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,881 mm

 Roadside

Mesuaferrea, Albizia procera, Schima   wallichii                                                    

 Humidity:

 68%

 Dividers

Lagerstroemia indica, Bauhinia            variegata, Caesalpinia pulcherrima

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 10°C/35°C

 Greenbelt

Meliosma simplicifolia, Syzygium         cumini, Artocarpus altilis

Tamil Nadu

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 998 mm

 Roadside

Borassus flabellifer, Emblicaofficinalis, Millingtonia hortensis

 Humidity:

 65%

 Dividers

 Carissa spinarum, Ixora coccinea, Cassia siamea

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 18°C/40°C

 Greenbelt

Ceiba pentandra, Acacia nilotica,         Dalbergia latifolia                      

Uttarakhand

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,553 mm

 Roadside

Mallotus philippensis, Rhododendron     arboreum, Dalbergia sissoo                    

 Humidity:

 64%

 Dividers

Bauhinia variegata, Ribes glaciale

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 1°C/40°C

 Greenbelt

Neolamarckia cadamba, Quercus   leucotrichophora, Lyonia           ovalifolia

Uttar Pradesh

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,025 mm

 Roadside

Delbergia sisso, Butea monosperma,     Tectona grandis, Saraca asoca

 Humidity:

 67%

 Dividers

Nyctanthes arbortristis, Bougainvillea  species, Magnolia champaca,                 Hibiscus rosasinensis

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 23°C/48°C

 Greenbelt

Eucalyptus globulus, Shorea robusta,  Haldina cordifolia, Ficus religiosa

West Bengal

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,089 mm

 Roadside

Lagerstroemia speciosa,                       Bombax ceiba, Senegalia                      catechu

 Humidity:

 65%

 Dividers

Bougainvillea, Mussaenda, Hibiscus   rosa sinensis, Inula

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 7°C/40°C

 Greenbelt

Dalbergia sisoo, Shorea robusta,           Terminalia arjuna

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